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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with type 2 diabetes in south Indian patients



Metabolic syndrome is describes as a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, such as, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycaemia and hypertension.  There are so many risk factors are common in Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and many of these risk factors are highly correlated with one another. The risk factors of the metabolic syndrome are of metabolic origin and composed of atherogenic dyslipidemia, high plasma glucose level, elevated blood pressure, a prothrombotic state, and a pro inflammatory state. The management of persons with metabolic syndrome should have to focus not only on blood glucose control but also includes approaches for reduction of other cardiovascular disease risk factors. The present study aims to understand the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with type 2 diabetes. The study group included 150 type 2 diabetes patients in the age group ranging between 20-80 years. Waist and hip circumference, BMI, Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and Cholesterol tests like HDL and Triglycerides was determined. Prevalence of individual risk factor for metabolic syndrome was determined out of 150 patients and 97 patients were observed with high blood pressure, 85 patients were observed with low levels of HDL, 60 patients were observed with central obesity, 45 patients were observed with high triglycerides and all 150 patients were observed with diabetes.